Vulva Nodules --- Causes and Top
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Last updated March 22, 2017 (originally published February 9, 2015)
By Louise Carr, Associate Editor and Featured Columnist

[Health and fitness articles are reviewed by our team of
Doctors and Registered Nurses, Certified fitness trainers and
other members of our Editorial Board.]





The vulva is one of the lumpiest body parts. Vulva nodules,
lumps, bumps, cysts and lesions come in all shapes and sizes.
What they all have in common is the anxiety and
embarrassment associated with finding a vulva nodule.

If you have lumps or nodules on your vulva what should you
do? Are vulva nodules benign or dangerous?

The vulva is the term for the female external genitalia, which
includes the opening of the vagina, the labia majora and
minora, and the clitoris. Nodules are growths that form
under or on the skin.

Because the vulva has skin, veins, mucous membranes and
glands it can be affected by any number of conditions, many
of which cause bumps or spots. Most vulva nodules or cysts
are normal, benign and will go away on their own. Natural
remedies may be used on vulva nodules to relieve any
symptoms and promote healing.

What Are the Symptoms of Vulva Nodules?

Vulva nodules do not normally cause symptoms other than
the lump or bump that you can feel in the vulva area.
Sometimes you will not even know you have a nodule and it
will only show up during your annual exam. Nodules may
stay the same size or grow bigger with time.

If a nodule becomes infected, however, or you have lesions
linked to another condition like varicella, then you are likely
to suffer itching, pain, and discomfort.

What Are the Different Types of Vulva Nodules?

Nodules can be tiny or the size of a large marble – and there
have been cases where a nodule or cyst has grown to the
size of an orange.

A vulva nodule may be filled with tissue or fluid, or a mixture
of both.

Nodules may be cysts, including Bartholin's gland cysts,
inclusion cysts, Gartner's duct cysts, or Müllerian cysts.
Nodules may form after infection with varicella or viruses
causing genital herpes and warts.  

How Many Women Suffer from Vulva Nodules?
































It is not known how many women experience vulva nodules
although some research shows that they are more common
in women after the menopause (The University of Michigan
Hospitals Health Systems, Ann Arbor, 2004).

The UK’s National Health service says around one in 50
women will develop a Bartholin’s cyst at some time in their
life, and this condition is more common in sexually active
women aged 20 to 30.

Other types of cysts and nodules affect millions of women,
who do not always seek treatment.

If you have a problem with lumps and bumps down below
you really need to visit your doctor or a sexual health clinic.
But in the meantime, here’s some more information on vulva
nodules, their causes, and what you can do about them.


1.
Chicken Pox Causes Vulva Nodules

If a girl suffers from varicella, chicken pox, she may have
vulva nodules or lesions around the vulva. These lumps can
be itchy and painful. Soothing creams like chamomile can be
used to ease the discomfort.

A 2000 study from ASTA Medica AG, Frankfurt, Germany
found chamomile cream to be better than 0.5%
hydrocortisone cream at treating skin lesions.

Later on in life, women who develop
shingles from a
secondary flare-up of the chicken pox virus, may also
develop vulva nodules.

2.
Treat Vulva Nodules Caused by Genital Herpes with Lemon
Balm or Anti-viral Cream

Genital herpes is caused by the herpes simplex viruses types
1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2) and it causes fluid-filled nodules
to form on the genitals.

Managing genital herpes involves abstaining from sexual
contact until the nodules have healed, using salt baths, and
wearing loose underwear.

In addition, Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) in a cream has
been shown to more effectively heal the lesions of genital
herpes than placebo, according to a 1994 study from Johann
Wilhelm Ritter Clinic Special Clinic for Skin Diseases, Bad
Rothenfelde.

Anti-viral cream such as Acyclovir is the go-to choice for
treating herpes outbreaks.


3.
Swelling and Varicose Veins: Treatment for Vulva Nodules

Varicose veins in the vulva are particularly common in
pregnancy and after childbirth, resulting in nodules and
enlarged veins.

Horse chestnut has been trialed for treating varicose veins,
or veinous insufficiency, and also for hemorrhoids, which are
a form of varicose veins.

A 2001 study by the University of Milano, Italy showed
improvement in people taking a horse chestnut product
containing the active ingredient aescin three times a day. As
vulva nodules may be caused by swelling, horse chestnut
may be used to treat this condition too.

4.
How to Treat Vulva Nodules Caused by Bartholin's Cysts

A Bartholin's cyst is a small sac just inside the opening of the
vagina affecting the Bartholin's glands. This type of vulva
nodule occurs when the ducts connecting the glands, which
secrete lubricant during sex, become blocked.

If the cyst is painful you can soak it in warm water several
times a day or have treatment such as cyst drainage.

5.
Use a Sitz Bath to Relieve the Discomfort of Vulva Nodules

If vulva nodules are causing you discomfort, use a sitz bath
– a bathtub filled with a few inches of warm water.

Sit in it several times a day for three or four days. Adding
lavender oil to a sitz bath was effective at reducing pain
following childbirth in a 2011 study from the Nursing and
Midwifery College, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak,
Tehran, Iran, so it may also be useful for reducing
discomfort associated with vulva nodules.

6.
Vulva Nodules May Be Cysts

Two types of cysts may cause nodules to appear on the
vulva - cysts of the labia majora and cysts of the inner vulva.
Cysts on the labia majora may be whiteish or yellow, and
cysts within the vulva often appear as soft, painless lumps.

Be careful not to squeeze or burst a cyst as it may turn into
an infected abscess.


[Update:

A rare type of benign tumor that can appear on teh vulva is
"Verruciform xanthoma ". This type of tumopr typiclaly
appears inside your mouth but, in exceptionally rare cases, it
can appear on the vulva. The appearance is of yellowish-
orangeplaque.   This condition, while not cancerous, appears
when there is an underlying condition on the vulva such as
lichen sclerosus , lichen planus , Paget disease, or
radiodermatitisor, according to 2011 report published in the
Journal of the American Medical Association from Assistance
Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Hospital Cochin, Paris
Descartes University.]


7.
Treat Vulva Nodules Caused by Genital Warts

Genital warts are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) and
are usually transmitted sexually.

Warts are protuberances on the skin and can be painful or
bleed.

If nodules are the result of genital warts, the skin can be
painted with a compound that destroys the affected cells, or
frozen with cryotherapy. A 2002 study from the Baghdad
Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq shows that zinc taken
orally may be effective for treating warts.






















































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Sitz baths can help reduce
vulva nodules in some cases.