DIET AND FITNESS:

Small Blood Vessel Disease ---
Causes and Top 10 Natural
Remedies
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September 17, 2017

By Louise Carr, Associate Editor and Featured Columnist



It's always the small things that get you. We have long
known that we need to avoid fatty foods and lifestyle habits
that clog the big arteries of our heart. But b
e careful because
it’s not just the main arteries in your heart that you need to
be worried about.


For y
ou may not have any narrowing of the main arteries in
your heart but still have symptoms of heart disease like chest
pain.


How does this happen?
This is because the small arteries in
your heart are damaged, which results in small blood vessel
disease or small vessel disease.


Small blood vessel disease is difficult to detect and it is more
commonly experienced by women, or people with diabetes or
high blood pressure. What do you need to know about small
blood vessel disease? Can it be treated or prevented? What
symptoms do you need to watch out for?


What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Small Blood Vessel
Disease?


It can be very difficult to spot small vessel disease since the
symptoms often mimic heart attack or other heart disease
symptoms. These include chest pain and a squeezing or
discomfort in the chest (called
angina), which often gets
worse as you get stressed or are active. This chest pain can
cause discomfort in the jaw, left arm, back, abdomen, or
neck. You experience shortness of breath, fatigue, and lack of
energy.


If you do suffer from chest pain it is important to seek
emergency medical care since this could be a symptom of
heart attack. If you do not have chest pain it can be more
difficult to diagnose small blood vessel disease.


What Are the Causes of Small Blood Vessel Disease?

The major causes of small blood vessel disease are actually
the same as those that cause diseases that affect the large
vessels in the heart – high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, and
high blood pressure. In the case of small blood vessels, these
conditions damage the small vessels and affect their ability to
expand. Therefore, the heart does not receive enough blood
supply.


There are a variety of risk factors for small blood vessel
disease including smoking, high cholesterol, high blood
pressure, obesity, diabetes, inactivity, unhealthy diet,
polycystic ovarian syndrome, chronic inflammation, and age.


Is Small Blood Vessel Disease Dangerous?

Yes, it is. If small blood vessel disease is left untreated it
prevents the heart from effectively pumping blood around the
body. This can lead to conditions like coronary artery spasm,
heart attack, and congestive heart failure. Treatment is
available that controls how much the small vessels narrow.
And there are also strategies for preventing this narrowing
and helping avoid the problems of small vessel disease.


We looked at recent scientific studies to see how natural
remedies and alternative solutions can help prevent and treat
small blood vessel disease.































1.
Reduce Small Blood Vessel Problems with Vitamin C

Maybe Linus Pauling was right after all?  Dr. Linus Pauling
was the only person to ever win two Nobel Prizes. But later in
his life he became somewhat fanatical about the powers of
Vitamin C as an almost cure-all for what ails you, and he was
thought of by the traditional scientific community as
something of a quack.  But now, the more we learn about
Vitamin C, the more Linus Pauling looks less like a quack and
more like a prophet.

A 2015 study from the University of Colorado, Boulder shows
that supplementation with vitamin C can reduce the problems
of blood vessel constriction that occur alongside obesity.


In fact, researchers found that vitamin C was just as effective
as exercise. The study looked at 35 overweight or obese
adults and compared the effects of exercise and vitamin C on
a protein called endothelin-1, which constricts small blood
vessels.


Obese people experience and increased activity of this
protein. The researchers found that vitamin C supplements at
a dose of 500mg a day reduced the protein’s blood vessel
constricting activity just as much as daily walking did.

2.
Caffeine Could Help Small Blood Vessels Work Better

It turns out that caffeine in a cup of coffee or tea could
improve the functioning of your small blood vessels, helping
ward off small blood vessel disease, according to a 2013
study from the University of the Ryukyus in Okinawa, Japan.


Here's how the experiment worked. Scientists gathered
27
healthy adults aged 22 to 30 and demonstrated that drinking
a cup of coffee improved blood flow in a finger by a
significant amount.


People drinking the coffee experienced a 30 percent increase
in blood flow across a 75-minute time
frame. Other studies
show that caffeine helps to cut the risk of dying from a heart
attack as well as helps improve the function of the large
arteries. Researchers think that caffeine may help to improve
small blood vessel function by opening up blood vessels and
reducing inflammation.


3.
L-arginine For Treating Small Blood Vessel Disease

L-arginine is a
n amino acid that may be helpful for people
suffering from small blood vessel disease.


This
amino acid that your body normally utilizes to metabolize
protein. It can help to relax blood vessels.


A 2013 study from the State University of Rio de Janeiro in
Brazil demonstrates how L-arginine can prevent changes in
small blood vessels which are induced by radiation. The study
looked at rats and found that while radiation decreased the
density and area of blood vessels, animals supplemented with
L-arginine did not experience such changes after radiation
was administered.

4.
Look at Alzheimer’s Disease Treatment to Prevent Small
Blood Vessel Disease


There is a link between Alzheimer’s and small blood vessel
disease, experts say. Preventing and treating Alzheimer’s
could prevent small blood vessel disease, and vice versa,
according to a 2014 study by VU University Medical Center,
Amsterdam, the Netherlands.


The researchers suggest a direct relationship between the
two conditions, implying that treatment of either affects the
other.


5.
Stick to a Healthy Weight as You Age to Prevent Small
Blood Vessel Disease


Obesity combined with age is a deadly combination when it
comes to the small blood vessels. Obesity and age act
together to damage the small blood vessels that feed the
heart, which can result in heart failure, according to experts.


A 2017 study from the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta
University demonstrates that keeping to a healthy weight and
avoiding obesity when aging can prevent this “perfect storm”
from taking place. Inflammation created by both age and fat
combine to thicken small blood vessel walls and older obese
people can be at risk of heart failure even when scans show
normal large blood vessels in the heart.


Experts say people can avoid problems with the small blood
vessels by losing weight while they are young and keeping
active as they age.


6.
Check Your Diet to Reverse Small Blood Vessel Disease

A 2013 study from the American Heart Association shows
that a diet low in beans, certain vegetables, and grains
improves small blood vessel function.


The study looked at 200 people, 40 percent of which were
women. All had small blood vessel disease risk factors. Foods
high in lectin, which are generally regarded as healthy, were
restricted in the study, for example grains, beans, fruit,
tomatoes, and poultry.


Participants increased their intake of leafy greens, fish, olive
oil, shellfish, and grass-fed animal protein. This diet, experts
believe, can reverse blood vessel function to normal.


7.
Managing Diabetes to Stop Small Blood Vessel Disease

One of the biggest causes of small blood vessel disease is
diabetes.

And a 2011 study from the Washington University School of
Medicine uncovered the root cause of blood vessel damage in
diabetes. It is, according to researchers, a combination of
two enzymes called fatty acid synthase (FAS) and nitric oxide
synthase (NOS), which interact with each other in the cells
lining the blood vessel walls. Using a drug or another enzyme
to promote synthase activity can help diabetes patients
prevent blood vessel damage, say the researchers.


8.
Try Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Treatment as a
Small Blood Vessel Disease Prevention


Did you know that obstructive sleep apnea is linked to blood
vessel problems? A 2011 study from the University of
Birmingham in the United Kingdom shows that treating sleep
apnea with continuous positive airway pressure treatment
can reverse these problems.


Sleep apnea changes blood vessel function as it reduces
blood supply to the heart. Treatment with 26 weeks of
continuous positive airway pressure improved blood supply
and function. The study looked at 108 healthy people with
and without sleep apnea.


9.
Prevent Small Blood Vessel Disease by Getting Enough
Sleep


Sometimes the simplest things can help boost your blood
vessel health. Getting enough sleep, for example.


A 2016 study from the University of Helsinki says that getting
too little sleep changes how the body metabolizes cholesterol
and can increase the risk of heart disease. The researchers
demonstrated how just one week of insufficient sleep began
to change the body’s immune responses and levels of
inflammation.


10.
Drink One Glass of Wine for Small Blood Vessel Disease
Preventio
n

Relax your circulation and benefit your blood vessels by
drinking one glass of red wine or alcohol, says studies, but
stick to one glass as two or more are stressful to the body.



A 2008 study from the Peter Munk Cardiac Centre of the
Toronto General Hospital says that one drink of red wine
significantly helps the heart and blood vessels but these
benefits disappear after one drink.


The study looked at 13 people to see what effect red wine
had on blood vessel health. After one drink blood vessels
were more dilated and the heart had to work less hard to
pump blood.





























































Related:
Beets Lower Blood Pressure-But There's a Big Catch

How Much Is Too Much Salt?

Diastolic Blood Pressure -Does It Matter Anymore?

Does Celery Lower Blood Pressure? --A Comprehensive
Review

Thyme Helps to Lower Blood Pressure

Herbs That Boost Your Immune System

Sugar-The Disease Connection

Are Diet Sodas Bad for Your Health? / Ideal Breakfast for
Diabetics / Ideal Breakfast for Arthritis /Healing Foods Links
/
 Foods That Shrink Your Waist / Foods That Lower
Cholesterol/ VLDL-The Other Cholesterol/ Foods That
Reduce Blood Pressure


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Garlic relaxes your blood vessels. You have to crush the cloves to
release the compound that relaxes your arteries and lowers blood
pressure.