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Can't Find an Article?- Index of Conditions

October 27, 2017

By Ariadne Weinberg,  Featured Columnist

[Health and fitness articles are reviewed by our team of Registered
Nurses, Certified fitness trainers and other members of our Editorial

As a person with complicated eye health, I can understand the
paranoia about having any kind of lesion on the white of the

Now, lesion is a pretty broad term. While the word brings up
the connotation of a serious wound, the definition is simply an
abnormal change in structure of an organ or part due to injury
or disease, according to the Merriam-Webster dictionary.

So, a lesion could encompass anything from a scratch to a

Eyes may be the windows to your soul, but like your soul, they
are sensitive and almost impossible to see in detail without the
correct instruments.

What does this mean? That while you read on to find out about
common lesions and common cures for them, the essential
thing to do is be diagnosed carefully.

However, the purpose of this article is to alleviate your fears a
little bit, as well as educate about different kinds of common
eye complications. Even in the case of a surgical procedure,
most eye abrasions aren’t too serious.

Read on about your eye’s possible irritation, and if you suspect
one of these culprits as the cause of your discomfort, get ye
hence to yon opthamologist.

Herpes Simplex Keratitis and Antiviral Drugs
If the lesion on your eye is diagnosed as herpes simplex virus
(which sounds scary, because you think of STIS, but is actually
quite treatable), your doctor will usually prescribe you an
antiviral drugs. The most common one on the market is
aciclovir, but a 2016 report by M. Tatatsos from the Dorset
County Hospital in Dorchester, United Kingdom reports that a
newer medication called Valacyclovir may be superior due to
better bioavailability. Ask your doctor which is best, in your

2. Exposure to Sun Rays Solved with Sunglasses and Hats

Oddly enough, a surprisingly high number of eye lesions come
from simply spending too much time in direct sunlight.

According to Beverly Hills and Dartmouth-graduated doctor
Brian S. Boxer, too much sun exposure is the #1 cause of eye

Statistically speaking, the problem is more common in middle
aged and older folks, but could happen to anyone who spends
a lot of time outdoors. Boxer and others stress that sunglasses
and hats are key, even on cloudy days, as the UV rays still
penetrate the cloud cover. The best is to choose wraparound
sunglasses with a photochromic lens, if possible. Ask an eye
professional for more details.

Dry Eye Disease and Artificial Tears with Medications

Sometimes corneal ulcers appear just from dry eyes. Life is

The good news is that there is a good, multifaceted approach
to getting rid of those little lesions. B. Colligris from the
Universidad Complutense de Madrid in Spain recommends
several options in 2014 report, including: different types of
anti-inflammatories, steroids, non-steroids, antibiotics, and
lubricating drops. He especially recommends cyclosporine as an
anti-inflammatory agent.

Eating foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids can also help dry eyes.

Conjunctival Nevus and Biopsy with Possible Cancer

Conjunctival nevus is usually benign. The lesions typically have
a dark, pigmented color or they are clear and raised. In
general, if they stop growing and stay the same size, you’re

If they keep expanding, however, you may want to get a
biopsy, according to Bradley Kirkwood, an opthamologic nurse
specialist from Queensland, Australia, in his January 2010
article “Pigmented Conjunctival Lesions.” From the biopsy, you
can consult with your doctor about options if the diagnosis is
more serious, such as cancer.

Pigmented Squamous Cell Carcinoma and

Sometimes where more serious eye lesions are concerned,
removal is necessary. Helen K. Wu from Tufts University School
of Medicine confirms that in the case of pigmented squamous
cell carcinoma, incision to remove the lesion in the eye may be

She also emphasizes the use of cryotherapy, using a cold
treatment in the procedure. Applying alcohol to the sclera bed
may also be beneficial. Wu cites that there are no side effects
with surgical excision, but there is a recurrence rate of 10 to
20%. Ask your doctor for the best option.

Recurrent Ocular Herpes and l-lysine Supplementation

If you get frequent eye lesions from herpes, a diet supplement
may help them from recurring. The official name is l-lysine

You can take the stuff in capsules, or incorporate it in your diet,
in the form of low-fat meat or dairy.

In a 1987 study from R.S. Griffith from the Indiana University
School of Medicine they performed an experiment on 27 herpes
patients taking l-lysine and 25 patients taking a placebo. At the
end of six months, the people who took l-lysine had an average
of 2.4 less infections.

Scleritis and Non-steroid Anti-inflammatory Drugs

Scleritis is a serious inflammatory response on the white of the
eye and the cornea.

While the disease has various underlying etiologies, when Dr.
C. Leal and researchers from the hôpital de la-croix Rousse in
Lyon, France studied patients, they found that the majority of
causes were treated with non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs.

In 2014, Leal and colleagues tested 32 patients with scleritis
with an average of 46.8 years old. The solution for 15 patients
(47%) was to manage the inflammation.

Conjunctival Tumors and Radiation

In general, when you are dealing with a conjunctival tumor
(which can include cell carcinoma and melanoma) the primary
methodology is surgery.

However, radiation can also be a viable option. The idea is to
maintain visual function and preserve the surrounding ocular
tissues in a safe way. According to a 2013 report from M.E.
Aronow, from the Cole Eye Institute from the Cleveland Clinic
Foundation, radiation can also be utilized as a curative therapy
following surgical excision.

Keratitis and Antibiotics or Antifungal medicine

Keratitis (inflammation of the cornea that occurs with infection
after bacteria or fungi enter) can lead to severe visual
disability, but luckily the condition is easily solvable.

Generally keratitis originates from ocular surface disease,
corneal trauma, or previous ocular or eyelid surgery. According
to a 2014 report by S. Herretes from the University of Miami
School of Medicine, topical antibiotics are the most effective
way to treat the symptoms, but sometimes antifungal
medication is also an option.

Corneal Abrasion and Rinsing

Sometimes you have a lesion or scratch on the eye for the
simple reason that you got something in there. A first good line
of defense is rinsing out your eyes with water, artificial tears,
or a saline solution.

A warm washcloth can also reduce irritation. Experts from the
University of Illinois in Chicago also recommend wearing
protective eyewear when doing more dangerous tasks, so as
not to get foreign bodies stuck in there


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How High Blood Pressure Affects Your
Smoke Gets In Your Eyes-Lingering
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Rightly or wrongly, having clear white
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health and beauty.

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Oranges and other Vitamin C rich foods help to maintain
the health of your eyes. Try this delicious orange salad
over tri-colored greens, here topped with white balsamic
Orange juice and Greek yogurt smoothie. Half a cup of
orange juice, one half a cup of Greek yogurt.  I add 2
ice cubes and a banana, oatmeal or chia seeds to bulk
up the mixture.