Bleeding in Your Brain --Spices
and  Other Unusual Causes
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June 2, 2017


By Louise Carr, Associate Editor and Featured Columnist



About the last thing you would be worried about if you add
a lot of curry to your food is that you could cause bleeding in
your brain. But in fact, few people know that certain spices
and even common supplements can cause brain
hemorrhages.

Of course, there are differences between the amount of
bleeding caused by certain spices and brain bleeding causes
by events such as blood vessel bursts. In any event, if you
ever suspect, even slightly that you are experiencing
symptoms of bleeding in the brain, seek medical help quickly.
Because bleeding in the brain, otherwise known as a brain
hemorrhage, is a very serious matter indeed.


What Happens When There is Bleeding in Your Brain?

When there is trauma to the brain or a burst artery, your
brain swells. The blood that pools forms a hematoma, a mass
of clotted blood. The hematoma puts pressure on nearby
brain tissue, reducing blood flow to your brain cells and
eventually killing them. Bleeding in the brain can happen
inside the brain itself, in the space between the brain and its
membranes, or between your skull and the cover of the
brain.Bleeding in the brain can result in death, since affected
brain cells may control
your breathing and heart rate

What Causes Bleeding in the Brain?

Several different factors can lead to bleeding in the brain.
These include head injury or trauma, cerebral aneurysm,
high blood pressure, abnormalities in the blood vessels,
blood disorders, liver disease, drug abuse, and brain tumors.

Trauma is the leading cause of bleeding in the brain in
children, according to a 2012 study from Alexandria
University in Egypt. This study looked at 30 patients under
the age of 18 admitted to the neurosurgery department of
the Alexandria University Main Hospital over a period of one
year (June 2008–May 2009).

Around 1.7 million people suffer traumatic brain injury in the
US each year and 5.3 million people live with a disability due
to traumatic brain injury,
according to the American
Association of Neurological Surgeons.

In terms of bleeding in the brain from stroke, a brain
hemorrhage accounts for around 10 percent of all strokes
occurring in the US, according to the Cleveland Clinic, so this
is also a relatively common reason for bleeding in the brain.

What Are the Symptoms of Bleeding in the Brain?

Surprisingly, brain bleeding may produce no symptoms at all.
Or, you may have severe symptoms. The type of symptoms
can vary, and can develop suddenly or develop slowly.

Signs of bleeding in the brain that should be taken seriously
and seen by a doctor immediately include a sudden and very
severe headache, seizures, weakness in one arm or one leg,
vomiting and nausea, lethargy, changes in vision, speech
difficulties, difficulty swallowing, loss of fine motor skills, loss
of coordination and balance, and loss of consciousness.

Although these symptoms may also be the sign of many
other health conditions, it is worth making sure and getting
checked out by a doctor.

What Are the Treatments for Bleeding in the Brain?




























Treatment for bleeding in the brain depends on the severity
of the bleed and which part of your brain is affected.
Surgery may be required in order to stop the swelling and
the bleeding.
Various medications may be useful, including
corticosteroids and diuretics to reduce swelling, as well as
anti-convulsants to reduce seizures.

How to Prevent Bleeding in the Brain

There are certain ways you can reduce the risk of bleeding in
the brain, since the condition is linked to specific factors like
high blood pressure. This means that you can lower your
risk of brain hemorrhage by
eating a healthy diet and  
exercis
ing regularly.  Stopping smoking and taking drugs
also can reduce the risk.
 

Yo
u can reduce risk by minimizing the chances of suffering a
traumatic brain injury, for example always wearing a bike
helmet and a seat belt.


A 2014 study from the University of Arizona shows that
young motorcyclists living in the US states where helmet use
is mandatory are 2.5 times less likely to experience traumatic
brain injury than those living in states where you only have
to wear helmets under the age of 18 or 21. The researchers
looked at over one million hospital admissions for traumatic
brain injury, finding 598 people with injuries due to motor
cycle accidents. The rate of traumatic brain injury in riders in
states with universal helmet laws was 282 per 1,000,
compared to 366 per 1,000 in states with under-18 and
under-21 helmet laws.

Treat Bleeding in the Brain Caused by Traumatic Brain Injury

A traumatic brain injury occurs after a swift, hard blow to
the head that causes blood vessels to leak and burst. The
swelling compresses the brain, which prevents blood flowing
to the brain tissue. The best solution to a traumatic brain
injury is to get to the hospital as quickly as possible for an
assessment.

A 2015 study from Georgetown University Medical Center
(GUMC) in Washington, DC shows that a drug used to treat
high blood pressure can help reduce inflammation in
bleeding in the brain after a traumatic brain injury.
Researchers found that the brain inflammation was caused
by a protein that was produced by the liver, and that this
protein could be blocked by hypertension drug, Telmisartan.

Smoking Can Cause Bleeding in Your Brain

A 2016 study from the University of Helsinki in Finland
demonstrates that smokers, particularly females, are more
likely to experience bleeding in the brain than non-smokers.
The team looked at 65,521 adults in various Finnish national
surveys, starting in 1972.

They discovered that
female smokers have an eight times
greater risk of bleeding in the brain
compared with non-
smokers. And the risk was greater the more the women
smoked. However, the study also showed that quitting
smoking reduced the risk of bleeding in the brain. Not
smoking for at least six months reduced the risk to a level
comparable with non-smokers.

Use of Antidepressants May Increase the Chances of a Brain
Bleed

Bleeding in the brain may also be linked to antidepressant
use. A 2012 study from the Western University in London,
Ontario, Canada says that drugs like Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft,
and Celexa may slightly increase the risk of bleeding in the
brain.

The researchers looked at 16 studies covering half a million
people and found that antidepressant users had a 40 to 50
percent higher chance of suffering a brain hemorrhage than
those who did not take the medication. However, since the
risk of bleeding in the brain starts very low, it translates as a
1 in 10,000 chance of someone taking antidepressants
developing bleeding on the brain.

Pregnancy Presents an Increased Risk of Bleeding in the
Brain

Around one in every 15,000 pregnant women will develop
bleeding in the area of the brain between the brain and the
membranes, according to a 2012 study from Massachusetts
General Hospital. This is due to an increased risk of blood
pressure disorders in pregnant women, researchers say.
They found that hypertensive disease increased the risk by
seven times in pregnant women and accounted for 40
percent of brain bleed cases.

Curcumin and Bleeding in the Brain

Curcumin, an active component in the spice turmeric, may
reduce bleeding in the brain after a hemorrhagic stroke,
according to a 2008 study from the Medical College of
Georgia. Researchers found that “curcumin significantly
decreases the size of a blood clot, but we're not sure why it
happens.” They believe that it is due to curcumin being a
potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant.

However, you should be aware that taking curcumin
, or any
other supplements that thins your blood such as fish oil pills,

in combination with prescription blood thinners can actually
cause bleeding in the brain.

Warfarin Dangers for Bleeding in the Brain

Warfarin (coumadin) is an anticoagulant medication which is
used to prevent blood from clotting and thin the blood. Its
blood-thinning action can be affected by numerous
substances, for example curcumin as discussed above,
potentially causing bleeding problems, including in the brain.
Possible foods and supplements that have blood thinning
actions that can increase the risk of abnormal bleeding
include chamomile, alfalfa, cranberry, danshen, devil’s claw,
feverfew, garlic, ginger, gingko, ginseng, green tea, royal
jelly, soy, St John’s Wort, and vitamin K.

Two Different Compounds That Can Help Treat Bleeding in
the Brain

A 2016 study from Burke Medical Research Institute, White
Plains shows that a compound which blocks certain iron-
containing enzymes in the brain can help the brain recover
after bleeding following a brain hemorrhage. These
compounds, called iron chelators, remove iron from the body
and help to protect the brain during bleeding.

And a 2015 study from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
shows that administrating carbon monoxide gas helps
protect the brain during a bleed and reduce brain injury.
While carbon monoxide is a poisonous gas, very small
amounts may actually help protect the brain from damage
after a bleed.






























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Too much curcumin can cause brain
bleeding if you're already taking blood
thinning medications.
Smelling smoke where there is no
fire is a sign of
brain cancer.